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Fernández already established a new Ministry of Women, Gender, and Diversity, which includes an Office for Care Policies that will coordinate government efforts in this area. Elizabeth Gómez Alcorta, a well-known feminist human rights lawyer, currently runs the ministry. Alcorta and her team will be working with their colleagues in the Ministry of Social Development, led by Daniel Arroyo, who has also been looking at various aspects of an integrated care system. Not only is the movement calling for policies that support the care work that women need to perform, so as to reduce women’s time poverty; it also hopes that public and private investment in the care sector will expand employment opportunities. Researchers have suggested that stronger investment in the care economycould create 600,000 jobsand increase the wages of those who perform care services. An integrated federal care system, therefore, could counter the economic downturn by boosting domestic demand. That means that building a care economy offers possibilities for strengthening women’s economic autonomyandenhancing the nation’s economic performance.

  • The creation of a hotline in 2018 aimed to assist victims of gender-based violence.
  • The Ni Una Menos collective, a continental alliance of feminist forces, will participate in the March 8 action, which will be the second women’s strike in Argentina in less than a year.
  • Though the country’s recent human rights advances have been “enormous”, Fernanda says, not all Argentinians are able to enjoy them equally.
  • One afternoon on the way to my internship, I was sexually assaulted by a stranger who decided his pleasure was more important than me.
  • It’s become commonplace to recognize that the era of progressive politics in Latin America is coming to an end — that we’ve effectively entered a neoconservative cycle.

Argentina granted women the right to vote in 1947.Though Argentina was not the first South or Central American country to grant women the right to vote, it was one of the earlier countries in the region to allow women the right to stand for election. The country legalized female representation in government in the same year it legalized women’s rights to vote on September 29, 1947. Following President Juan Perón’s enactment of women’s suffrage in 1949, First Lady Evita Perón led the Peronist Women’s Party until her death in 1952, and helped enhance the role of women in Argentine society. Women’s rights in Argentina progressed in significant ways following the return of democracy in 1983. President Raúl Alfonsín signed laws in 1987 both limiting Patria potestas and legalizing divorce, helping resolve the legal status of 3 million adults living in legal separation.

“Many provinces do not incorporate legislation to eliminate inequalities and gender-based violence,” Fernanda explains. Even in provinces where protective policies and services do exist, they remain inaccessible to many. But wherever you look, you can see that it’s truly massive, with a great deal of organization and deliberation coming out of women’s assemblies all over the place. Poland represents an important precedent, and there is also action taking place in Ireland around the issue of abortion. I also get the impression that in countries like Germany, France, and Spain the event will go forward but perhaps on a smaller scale. There’s an age-old strategy for infantilizing feminists that basically consists of accusing the movement of being overly sectarian, and the media always runs with this. We understand that the work done by women at home, including care work, is a fundamental pillar of social life and the economy.

Advocacy and international law

In some jurisdictions, such as Buenos Aires City, sexual harassment may lead to the abuser’s dismissal, but in others, such as in Santa Fe Province, the maximum penalty is five days in prison. During the 1930s, Fanny Edelman, a Communist leader who was part of the International Brigades in defence of the Second Spanish Republic, became an international figure representing Communism and Feminism. She participated to the creation of the Women’s Union of Argentina in 1937, and in 1972 she became head of the Women’s International Democratic Federation. She was honorary president of the Communist party of Argentina until her death in 2011. In the United States, we understand catcalling as an exercise in control.

Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on Thursday issued his latest threat to the autonomy of the country’s central bank a day after it floated the possibility of keeping interest rates at a six-year high for a longer-than-expected period. This year, Texas passed a law that bans abortions as early as six weeks into a pregnancy. Meanwhile, the U.S Supreme Court is about to hear a case from Mississippi that could challenge the right to an abortion in that state.

That study’s authors found that these individuals’ immune systems appeared to have preferentially destroyed cells that harbored HIV capable of producing viable new copies of the virus. Left over were only infected cells in which the viral genetic code was spliced into a kind of genetic dead zone — regions of the cellular DNA that were too distant from the levers that propel viral replication.

This is not because Argentinian women do not have the desire to work out, but rather because is it frowned upon for women to be muscular. The idea of machismo promotes this ideology; because men are seen as the strong, aggressive, and dominant presence, women are understood to be the weaker, submissive gender. Understandably, having visible muscles does not contribute to this theory; therefore, women are discouraged from lifting weights. Although we continue to make strides worldwide for gender equality, the prevalence of machismo in Argentina causes the country to remain prejudiced against women. “Machismo.” The word rings loud in my ears as I walk down the street each day, receiving numerous catcalls.

Other countries follow Argentina

The initial steps the government is likely to begin with are low-cost approaches, but they can have a large impact on women’s time and could enhance the value of their work. Beginning in 2015, #NiUnaMenos was born as a movement against femicide when Argentinian women gathered in Buenos Aires to protest the gender-based killings.

Domestic violence

The same study found at least 37 women had faced charges – either for homicide, or abandonment of a person – for possible obstetric events. The Centre for Legal and Social Studies in Buenos Aires said poor, migrant women are more likely to face prosecution.

Although catcalling occurs occasionally in D.C., its frequency and fortitude is much lower than in a country where this type of machismo prevails. Ni Una Menos started out as a slogan, merged into a viral hashtag used online, and eventually a regionwide movement. Other women-led demonstrations also erupted in Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Mexico, Peru, Paraguay, Uruguay and El Salvador — areas that also suffer high rates of femicide. Joining ANDHES, a human rights organization that operates in Argentina’s Tucumán and Jujuy provinces, Fernanda now works to advance intersectional and dissident feminist policies and protections for women and LGBTIQ+ individuals. “Our work focuses on the obstacles cis, lesbian and trans women face in their access to justice,” Fernanda says. Argentina also aims to open a UN Women office in the country and has joined GQUAL Campaign to support parity in courts and international organs. Furthermore, Argentina has approved and implemented the Argentine Republic’s National Plan of Action to implement UN Security Council resolution and has taken steps to increase women’s political participation.

Mario is 100 percent trustworthy, and if he stares, perhaps staring doesn’t mean what I thought it meant. (Argentine women don’t either and have organized extensive campaigns to stop it.) But I did relax some of my ideas about personal space and approachability to avoid being angry all the time. By now, the link between authoritarianism and the repression of women and gender nonconforming people is clear. But those targeted by such hateful politics cannot—and will not—be intimidated. A mother holds her daughter as she prepares to take her to day care, in Argentina, on April 15, 2009.

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The Economic Policy Analysis Unit (EPAU) was established in January 2010 under the Commissioner in charge of Macroeconomic Policy at the ECOWAS Commission in Abuja. The EPAU is a regional Think Tank sponsored by the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF).

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